TOPONOMY OF THE AREA
The municipality of Llucmajor is one of the most extensive in Majorca, and is located in the region of Migjorn. It borders with Palma, Algaida, Montuïri, Porreres and Campos and has some of the most outstanding tourist locations on the island, such as the Arenal (which shares with the municipality of Palma), Cala Pi or Cala Blava.
Etymologically speaking, the name of the municipality derives from the Latin “Lucus major” or “Bosque Mayor”, which could refer to the presence of a large forest where today is located a large part of the municipality. This theory seems to be the most valid, not only at the semantic level, since the name of one of the neighboring towns, Algaida, means forest in Arabic.
The different archaeological finds made in the municipality allow the dating of settlements as early as the third century BC. Later, other civilizations arrive such as the Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians and Romans to leave their mark, and subsequently the Arabs until the Conquest in 1229. It was during this time originates Llucmajor, as such being distributed by the city as part of the loot by the conquistadors.
During the 14th to 17th centuries of the south coast of Majorca where Llucmajor was located, the municipality was subjected to the continuous threat of Corsair expeditions.The towers of S’Estalella, Cap Blanc and Cap Enderrocat are still standing to testify these struggles.
Although the town’s urban planning dates back to the 14th century, it is not until the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that the town extends as how it is today. In the year 1916, Llucmajor was proclaimed as a city by King Alfonso XIII thanks to the development and economic progress of the municipality into full industrialization.
Why Som Espanya?
The establishment of interior tourism Som Espanya takes its name from the old hotel España located in the same location. This accommodation built at the beginning of the twentieth century, influenced by the artistic current of the moment, represented the stage of progress and growth of the city, as the benchmark in the footwear industry. The Hotel España was one of the first lodgings for guests, before the tourist boom, where representatives of leather and footwear of the time were staying.
PLACES OF INTEREST
The prehistoric ensemble of Capocorb Vell, in the south of Llucmajor, is the most famous exponent of the Bronze Age in Majorca. The village represents a myth within prehistoric research thanks to its conservation. It is located on an eminently flat terrain, about 100 m above sea level. It consists of a nucleus of three circular talaiots and two squares, as well as several constructions that envelop them and other types of buildings in its periphery. Capocorb Vell is unique in the western Mediterranean, and by decree of the Government dated June 3, 1931 was declared an artistic historical monument.
Archaeological Museum Son Fornés
The Archaeological Museum of Son Fornés is located in the municipal district of Montuïri, a few kilometres from Llucmajor. This space comprises of a museum and the archaeological site of Son Fornés dating from the talaiotic era. Here, you can discover findings and objects recovered during more than 40 years of excavations, revealing the prehistorical part of the Balearic Islands.
The square. Old Town of Llucmajor
The name “El Cuadrado” is known as the urban distribution originally from Llucmajor. The square shape is the one that adopted many of the medieval cities that, like Llucmajor, lacked walls. In this case, the square was delimited by the convent, Valle, Mayor and Jaime II streets, all with an approximate length of 400 meters. This path has greatly conditioned the subsequent growth of the urban area, to such an extent that if we look closely at a plan of Llucmajor today we can distinguish up to three concentric squares: the old square, the big square and, Recently, the rounds.
Puig de Randa
Located in the nearby municipality of Algaida, the Puig de Randa was one of the places chosen by the Majorcan religious thinker, Ramon Llull who was devoted to contemplative life. In the surroundings of Randa are located three places related to the stay of Llull; The current hermitages of Gràcia and Sant Honor, and the sanctuary of Cura where according to the legend, it was the cave where the philosopher lived during his retirement.
Defense towers: S’Estalella, Cap Blanc i Cala Pi
The towers of S’Estalella, Cap Blanc and Cala Pi are a set of watchtowers and defenses that are located in different parts of the coast of Llucmajor. The construction of these towers dates back to 1543 when the Ottoman Turks allied with the Barbarians, becoming a constant threat to all of Majorca. To defend the town of Llucmajor from these attacks and to stop their entrance to the south of the island, the towers were built along the entire marina of Llucmajor.
The Fort of Cap Enderrocat is an old fortification located in the Cap Enderrocat, on the coast of Llucmajor. Dated 1889 and built to cross fires with the castle of Sant Carles, located in Palma and defend the entire bay. The fort of Cap Enderrocat is the largest of the Majorcan forts. This fort was dug directly in the “marés”, ie on the stone of the ground so that it was camouflaged by the coast making it practically invisible from the sea.
FIVE ESSENTIAL THINGS TO DO IN AND AROUND LLUCMAJOR
- Visit the weekly market in the Plaza de Espanya in Llucmajor every Wednesday, Friday and Sunday.
- Get away to Majorca’s largest water park, in El Arenal, to enjoy a refreshing family day.
- Discover the prehistoric Majorca and its famous “Foners” by visiting the Talayot village of Capocorb Vell and the archaeological site and archeological Museum of Son Fornés.
- Discover and explore the National Maritime Land Park of the Cabrera archipelago.
- Stroll around the historical center of Palma and enjoy its cathedral.